HOMETECH (HOME TEXTILES)
A carpet is any loom-woven, felted textile or grass floor covering. The global carpet market for domestic and industrial end use is dominated by several varieties of carpet such as Hand Knotted Carpets, Hand Woven Carpets, Tufted carpets, Needle felt carpets, Flat weave carpets, etc. Primary backing is manufactured mainly from synthetic fabric. Secondary backing is made of both jute and woven polypropylene. Jute carpet backing cloth is approximately 104\" wide with gsm varying between 180 and 407. Jute backing has certain limitations such as potential for browning and rotting. Thus, the secondary backings used today are majorly woven polypropylene made of a leno weave of slit film and spun olefin yarns that forms a stretchable secondary backing fabric.
Stuffed toys, also referred to as plush toys and soft toys, are made up of soft knitted fabrics stuffed with filling material. Stuffed toys are popular for a variety of reasons – as toys for kids, as gifts among youngsters for Valentine\'s Day, birthdays, other kind of special days or just as an expression of thought. Stuffed toys are entirely textile material. The outer fabric or skin of stuffed toys is made of fur, fleece, polyester felt, acrylic plush fabrics, etc. The skin is stuffed with a variety of materials such as polyester staple Fiberfil, foam, cloth scrap, paper foam or cotton. The toys are manufactured in different shapes, sizes and colours, the height varying from 6 cm to 200 cm.
A window blind is a window covering composed of long strips of fabric or rigid material. Blinds are made of variety of materials; the material chosen depends on the aesthetic and functionality required. The desired functional performance include light and glare control, desired outside view, ease in handling and maintenance, acoustic performance, etc. Industry survey reveals that blinds are of typically the same width and height as the window itself or slightly wider and taller depending on whether they are fixed inside or outside the window\'s reveal. The fabric requirement in a blind for a window size of 6 ft X 6 ft is approximately 4.2 square meters. As per industry sources the market size for blinds is estimated at Rs 1050 crore.
HVAC stands for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The HVAC systems are used in industries, commercial and residential buildings where humidity and temperature need to be closely regulated. The filtration systems in general can be classified as Liquid -Solid separation (e.g. vacuum and pressure filters), Air-Gas separation (e.g. activated carbon filters) and Air-Solid separation (i.e. filters that remove particulate matter from air). HVAC filters belong to the category of air filtration products. Filter media used in air filters are nonwoven fabrics laid perpendicular to the air flow to arrest the solid particulate matter. Air filters can be either mechanical filters or electrostatic filters (electrostatically enhanced filters). Most of the filters fall under the category of mechanical filters and depend on four primary filtration mechanisms - sieving, impaction, interception, and diffusion. Filters are characterized by their filtration efficiency, MERV rating and Micron size. HVAC filters are used in split and window type air conditioners as well as centralized air conditioning. The requirement of filter media for split/window type air conditioners varies from manufacturer to manufacturer and this media is generally washable.
A mattress is a mat or pad usually placed atop a bed. Mattresses can be broadly classified as Foam mattresses, Coir mattresses, Spring mattresses. Mattresses are made of a filling material like coir, foam etc which provides support to the body. Traditional Indian mattresses are thick quilts made up of cotton stuffing. The protective fabric cover which encases the mattress is called ticking. Ticking fabric holds the filling material in place. It is usually made of cotton and comes in a wide variety of colours and styles. The GSM of the fabric varies from 80 to 200.The market for mattresses and pillows can be broken down into three segments, Households, Hotels, Hospitals
A wipe is a small piece of cloth used for the purpose of cleansing or disinfecting. Wipes could be woven, knitted or nonwoven. Nonwoven wipes have recently gained popularity on account of their excellent absorption and softness. The product is available as dry wipe as well as wet wipe wherein the nonwoven fabric is impregnated with a solution. Majority of nonwoven wipes are manufactured by Spunlace technology. The wipes are expected to have the properties like Smooth and soft texture, Good absorbance characteristics, Good moisture retention properties. Busy lifestyle and high disposable income are the key factors for the acceptance of wipes. Wet wipes obviate the need for the use of separate wet and dry' combinations in cleaning tasks thus, allowing people to perform daily tasks in substantially less time. Currently the demand for wipes is limited in India but with growing number of middle class families, increasing disposable income and changing lifestyle the demand for wipes is expected to increase in the urban areas. Moreover, product innovations are further likely to boost the demand. Consumption of wipes in foodservice and health care applications is also expected to grow because of heightened health and hygiene concerns.
Indian Furniture industry can be segmented as Home furniture, Office furniture and Contract furniture (majorly the hospitality segment). Fabrics are mainly used in furniture made for seating purposes. Hair, fiber, flock, foam rubber, down, and kapok are used for padding in modern upholstery whereas woven fabrics, plastics, leather and synthetic leather serve as coverings. Woven fabrics including flock and velvet are the most widely used furnishing fabrics in furniture. Both plain and printed flock fabrics with an average GSM of 145 are used for the purpose. Jacquard and Shanil have also gained customer preference as these fabrics are dust resistant.